With the advent of a washing machine in a woman’s life, cleaning things became much simpler and easier. Previously, clothes were washed by hand - this process took a lot of time, effort, and was not always of high quality, because the hands quickly got tired.
And the modern hostess sometimes does not think about the question - but how to wash? It seems that the process is understandable - you throw dirty laundry into the drum, add powder, select the mode and start it. However, there are some nuances here. They will be discussed in this article.
To begin with, we will figure out what and how to wash in a typewriter, and what to leave for delicate hand cleaning.
Everyone knows these patterns on clothing labels. Unfortunately, we do not always pay attention to them, but in vain - in this way we could protect ourselves from mistakes and spoiled things.
If there are difficulties with remembering the designation of all symbols, then there is nothing easier than printing a picture from the Internet and hanging it over a washing machine. And the hostess can always peep the badges and wash the laundry according to the instructions.
This item is often ignored by many ladies, and in vain. After washing, you have to throw things away. If you want to wash clothes correctly in the washing machine, be sure to distribute the clothes before the process.
By what criteria should it be divided?
- the composition of the fabric
- by color
- by degree of contamination (very dirty things must be soaked before washing).
It is also worth paying attention to zippers and large buttons. Immediately before washing in the machine, they must be fastened, otherwise they will beat against the metal, which is fraught with damage to both the drum and the locks themselves.
How to wash bedding
Not all housewives understand what needs to be done with him so that it does not sit down, does not lose color. It is recommended to change clothes once a week, in winter, when we do not sweat, you can relax and sleep for 2 weeks.
But this rule does not apply to pillowcases, because they are in contact not only with the face, but also with the hair (sometimes oily). Therefore, it is recommended to change them every three days. Before washing, pillowcases need to be turned inside out.
Before loading things into the machine, you need to sort it - by fabric, color. It is best to wash clothes with towels, tablecloths. Another point is weight.
The machine is designed for a certain amount of linen, and bedding is quite voluminous. Therefore, it is better not to load the drum, but to clean in turn. You can learn more about this from this article.
What items can be washed together?
To avoid imbalance inside the device, do not put small items of clothing with large ones. If they are correctly distributed in size, then they will be washed much better.
Learning how to wash correctly - video
There are little secrets to washing things right. And then they will last much longer, and the machine will be saved from damage and breakage.
- wash different materials in different modes (for example, wool and silk at 40 degrees, synthetics - 50, cotton and linen - 95. Colored things from them - at 60 degrees),
- use the delicate mode for soft tissues - it will allow the material not to deteriorate,
- choose a powder for the type of washing and do not put too much - the abundance of foam leads to improper operation of the mechanism,
- Do not overload the drum - things will be cleaned thoroughly if they are accessible.
A separate line is the washing of heavily soiled clothes. To improve the result, you should first soak the laundry, then use your hands to use a soap solution to clean the stains.
For white things, you can pour a little bleach. After rinse well and load into the machine. You shouldn’t put a lot of jeans on - when it gets wet it becomes heavy and can shift the center of gravity inside the car. In addition, there is an additional load on the mechanism.
The beautiful half of humanity asks the question - how to wash things that are closer to the body - underwear? Since this is a matter of hygiene, it is necessary to clean it after purchasing the kit.
The temperature should not be higher than 40 degrees. As for the mode, delicate or hand wash is best suited (do not forget to distribute them by fabric and color).
The best option is to wash in special bags. This will help to prevent drum scatter and twisting kits. Since we love colorful bras and panties, you need to choose the appropriate powder to wash them. If you do not trust the technique, you can always clean the laundry manually.
Let's say a little about shoes. As you know, it can also be washed in the machine, but carefully. Do not put more than two pairs - there is a danger of damaging the door glass.
Before washing, remove all laces and insoles, clean the soles from dirt and small stones (to avoid getting inside the mechanism). The temperature regime is 30 degrees. If there are various inserts and stickers on the shoes, they should be removed if possible - they may peel off during washing. If you want to learn more about how to wash sneakers in a washing machine, read this material.
So, we examined a few points on how you can and should wash things in a washing machine. Knowing the simple rules and secrets, your cleaning will be neat, and things clean, tidy, without stains and stains. The main thing is to protect them and your machine, and then they will serve you for a long time, please you with quality work.
First of all, before washing, the laundry must be sorted correctly. It is optimal to do this by color, but also do not forget to take into account the type of fabric from which the thing is made. For example, if you wash cotton and wool together, either the first thing will not be removed due to the gentle treatment for wool, or the second will stretch due to increased spin speed or high temperature.
Also, information that is placed on the clothing tag should not be ignored. From these data you can find out not only the optimal temperature regime, but also the possibility of using bleach
However, to decide what temperature to choose, the washing mode and the number of revolutions for the spin cycle is not all - the quality of the washing also depends on the substances used in this process. For white fabrics, it is better to use a special powder for white, but it will not work for colored fabrics - things will gradually fade. You can also use bleach - best if it is oxygen.
Powder “for colored things” contains special crystals that will help to preserve the bright colors of things for many washings. In addition, some of them prevent the shedding of things, so without fear you can put orange and red things or blue and green into the drum of the washing machine. Pay attention to the dosage - there is no need to study it again each time, just read the powder you have chosen and determine the required volume (do not forget that manufacturers usually graduate the dosage based on, among other things, water hardness, degree of contamination).
Strong Spot Fight
If on things you notice spots and other severe pollution, then it is better to remove them using a special liquid agent. It is worth noting that such products are often divided depending on the origin of the stain, therefore, if there are small children in the house, products for removing organic contaminants (juices, grass, blood) should always be at hand.
Soak a stain with a stain remover for a few minutes (according to the instructions), and then add a little detergent during washing. It is also necessary to pay attention to the presence of allergy sufferers and children in the house - only high-quality hypoallergenic products must be used to wash their things.
When putting laundry into the drum, keep in mind that you should not try to push all things at once, if there is a lot of linen, then it is better to divide it into two washings, otherwise things can wrinkle badly and do not stretch well.
Now you can proceed to the choice of washing mode. In the last decade, cars have acquired so many functions and modes that it remains only to determine the type of fabric and temperature in a certain range. But here technology does not stand still. In particular, the most modern washing machines allow you to wash away dirt at a lower temperature - for example, bedding at 60 degrees instead of 90, which will save time and money. If things are not very dirty, then you can use the quick wash mode, but at the same time it is better to put less powder, since the laundry will not have time to rinse normally.
We wash underwear
There is an opinion that underwear should be washed only by hand, since the washing machine will only spoil the lace products. But it is not so. Of course, in the Soviet years, washing machines did not spare the delicate fabric, but even the most intimate thing, underwear, can be trusted with modern “washers”. Rules for washing underwear
Note to the hostess: there are some nuances that will help to keep panties and bras intact and safe:
- For underwear, select the Manual and / or Delicate wash mode. For a bra, purchase a special frame pouch that will prevent the "bones" from entering the tank and stretching the strapless.
- The maximum allowable temperature for such washing is 40 degrees.
- Be sure to stretch the laundry before the first toe, especially for black sets, as they are often used in the manufacture of excess coloring materials.
- Only load the drum of the washing machine halfway. This will make it possible to prevent excessive curling of the laundry.
- Do not use bleaching agents for washing clothes, especially if information on this is not placed on the label.
- Use only special “soft” (even better - liquid) powders, because, as a rule, ordinary washing powder contains bleaches and brighteners (for example, perborate), as a result of exposure to such substances on underwear it can lose its brightness, becoming faded.
- Never increase the dosage of the powder in excess of the recommended in the instructions.
- Do not soak colored or printed sets before washing.
We erase shoes
Often in washing machines there is a function for washing shoes, but it must be understood that if you do not follow a few rules, you can not only ruin the shoes, but also break the expensive machine.
Therefore, the first rule - do not use the “washer” for a pair of low quality, as well as for shoes decorated with a lot of rhinestones, beads or pebbles. Before washing, check that the shoes are intact, it is better to pull the laces and put them in the drum separately, clean the soiled soles under the tap with a brush, you can rinse the top of the sneakers or shoes to remove dust and sand.
The best option is to use a liquid powder that quickly dissolves and rinses out even more easily from the most inaccessible places, and put each pair in a separate bag for washing. If there is no special bag, then you can lay shoes with old towels or sheets. Wash a maximum of three to four pairs, then there is less chance of damaging the machine itself. The temperature of washing shoes should not exceed 30-40 degrees. It is better to turn off the spin completely, as well as drying, the latter can greatly deform the pair.
I hope these tips come in handy for housekeeping and help to keep your things as bright and tidy as they were when buying.
How to wash clothes by hand
Step 1: read the label
Read the label on your clothing for specific handwash recommendations. Then choose the best detergent for hand washing clothes. If there is no care label, select a mild detergent or dishwashing liquid.
Step 2: fill the bathtub with water
Fill a small bathtub or sink with water at the temperature recommended on the care label. If there is no label, select cold or slightly warm water. Add about a teaspoon of detergent. You may need more detergent if you manually wash a large item or several items.
Step 3: Soak
Immerse your clothes in soapy water and soak. Gently massage the item so that soapy water passes through it. Avoid rubbing or twisting that can stretch or damage the fabric.
Step 4: rinse and repeat
Drain the water from the sink or bath and fill it with cool water. Dip clothes up and down in water until all soap has been removed. If you are not sure, smell the clothes to make sure that they no longer smell like detergent. If necessary, repeat the procedure with clean water.
How to wash bras manually
Step 1: soak the bra
Fill a sink or bowl with warm water. Add a mild, alcohol-free hand wash and mix with water. Gently place the bra in the solution and let it lie down for 15 minutes. Hands rub the foam into the bra.
Step 2: rinse the bra
Pull the bra out of the water. Keep a faucet under the sink or bathtub and let the water flow through the bra, washing all soapy water out of it.
Step 3: drying the bra
To get rid of excess water, carefully fold the bra on a towel before hanging it to dry. Put it flat on one towel, put another on top and press to remove excess water. Always hang to dry.
How to wash tights manually
Step 1: Preparing the Detergent
Fill the sink with warm water and add half a glass of mild detergent. Any detergent will do, but you can look for a detergent specially made for delicate clothes. Make sure you use warm water, as hot water can reduce the elasticity of your tights and affect their fit.
Step 2: immerse the tights
First, turn the tights inside out. Gently place the tights in the water. Avoid rubbing and stretching, and just gently massage the areas that are most prone to bacteria. Let your pantyhose lie down for 10 minutes or so.
Step 3: Rinse and Dry
After soaking, remove the tights from the water. Rinse them under a cold water tap. Rinse until the foam runs out. Fold in a ball and squeeze out excess water. Place pantyhose on top of the towel and fold to remove any remaining water. For drying, lay flat on a lint-free towel.
How to wash a sweater manually
Step 1: Preparing the Detergent
Fill the bathtub or sink with warm water and a few drops of a mild detergent, such as dishwashing liquid. To neutralize the smell of sweat, add 3/4 cup white vinegar.
Step 2: soak the sweater
Turn the sweater inside out. Immerse the sweater in water and stir slightly, being careful not to stretch it. Let lie down for 10 minutes. Then turn on cold water until the water becomes clear.
Step 3: drying the sweaters
After rinsing and gently spinning (without twisting), put the sweater on a white towel on a flat surface. Carefully fold the towel and sweater together to remove excess water.
Dry the sweater on a flat, moisture-resistant surface, preferably a mesh that allows air to circulate. Keep it away from the sun and heat. Give the sweater the same shape, straighten your shoulders, put the sleeves parallel to the body and align the hem.
How to dry clothes after hand washing
Step 1: wring out the water
Gently squeeze excess water out of clothing. Do not twist the product, as this may stretch the fibers and damage the fabric.
Step 2: put on a towel
On a flat surface, lay a clean, dry white bath towel that was washed several times to remove lint. Put your newly washed clothes on a towel to shape it. Fold the towel along with your clothes. Gently press the folded towel so that it absorbs more water. Repeat with another clean, dry towel if the first is too wet.
Step 3: let air dry
If there is no care label, place hand-washed clothing on a clean, dry white towel, spread out on a flat, moisture-resistant surface. Turn your clothing over and over and replace a wet towel with a dry one as needed.