Back muscle tension syndrome occurs at a reflex level, and its causes are degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine, in which irritation of the nerve occurs, which innervates part of the capsule of the intervertebral disc. Usually this condition occurs with osteochondrosis of the spine.
Pathology can also appear against the background of excessive back load or with prolonged stay in the same position, for example, even when sitting or standing. Since muscle tissue is constantly in tension, this forms a violation of the outflow of blood through the veins, which provokes the edema of the soft tissues surrounding the muscle.
Edema is the result of a spasm. But these muscles, dense and spasmodic, also press on the nerves and blood vessels that are located inside them. And this becomes the cause of the pain syndrome, which is quite difficult to eliminate. Because of this pain, the muscle tissue on the reflexively contracts even more and this forms a vicious circle, which is impossible to break.
And if in a healthy person such a spasm is a protective reaction and goes away on its own, then with pathologies of the spine it becomes a pathological process that very quickly leads to the fact that irreversible changes begin to occur in the muscle tissue, which end with a violation of its function.
The main manifestation of the pathology should be considered muscle tension, its compaction and shortening. Because of this, movement disorders occur.
Accept to distinguish between two types of muscle tone. Firstly, it is diffuse, in which a limited area of muscle tissue is involved in the pathological process. Secondly, it is generalized, in which both flexors and extensors are involved in the pathology.
The tone can be increased moderately or be quite pronounced. In both cases, there will be symptoms. In the first case, the muscle will be painful on palpation and in it you can feel the densified area.
In the second case, it is incredibly dense and painful, but massage and heat, for example, a heating pad, lead to the fact that the pain increases several times.
You can also distinguish complicated and uncomplicated tone. If this is an uncomplicated option, then pain in a person occurs only in the muscle itself. If this is a complicated form, then pain can spread to other areas of the body, and most often it is the heart. In this case, the cause of pain can be considered a violation of the microcirculation of the blood and compression of the nerve structures. Often with this syndrome, trigger points can be observed.
Syndrome of back muscle tension has its own symptoms, which make it possible to establish the correct diagnosis. The main symptom is aching pain, which spreads over rather large areas of the body. The entire left or entire right side of the back can hurt, and only the neck and upper part of the thoracic region can. In the rarest cases, the patient can accurately say and point to the place where the pain symptoms are localized. And since the area of pain is very large, such a syndrome is very poorly tolerated by a person, his sleep is disturbed, the patient cannot fall asleep during the night and is constantly looking for a position that would ease the pain.
Another common symptom is the presence of trigger points, which can be described as muscle nodules, where soreness is most pronounced. In addition, with prolonged pain syndrome, calcium salts begin to accumulate in the affected muscles, which can be found in the form of dense formations, painful to the touch.
Treatment will depend on what caused the pathology. Most often, drug therapy is carried out, while muscle relaxants are used, which help relax spasmodic muscles. These are drugs such as midocalm and sirdalud.
To relieve pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used, for example, voltaren and movalis.
Sometimes injections of painkillers and glucocorticoids are done directly at the site of pain, that is, at the trigger points.
Additional treatment methods include:
- Manual therapy.
- Diadynamic currents.
If the cause of the problem is a disc herniation, then surgical removal of this formation is performed.
It is very important to consult a doctor at a time when the stress syndrome only makes itself felt and does not allow the full development of the clinical picture, otherwise the treatment will be quite lengthy and can take from several weeks to six months.
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Back muscles hurt: why and what to do?
When back muscles hurt. what to do in this situation? Many people hope that they will be ill and will not bother them anymore. But do not forget that all problems and pains in the body do not pass without a trace. If you get sick once, then the pain will return. Even after a while, back pain will bother you.
Basically, muscle pain occurs when a heavy load falls on this zone: working in the garden, hard workout, lifting and carrying weights, and much more. For a long time, a person works in an uncomfortable position. This may be working at a computer, driving a car, working in an office, and the like. Most often, all painful sensations come down to fatigue, or many people think that they have stretched their muscles or froze.
There are many reasons that cause back pain, and they are all diverse. That's why you can not self-medicate, since your guesses may be wrong and only lead to a worsening of the diagnosis.
Myalgia as a cause of back pain
Myalgia is considered the most common cause of back pain. It manifests itself due to any problems with the spine. Myalgia is easy to recognize, since it is manifested by muscular-fascial pain in the muscles of the back, thereby increasing the pain due to the incorrect load on the muscles of the back. This leads to muscle fatigue, oxygen starvation is further added. Oxygen starvation # 8211, it is an inferior influx of blood and oxygen to the muscles.
Myalgia can develop as a result of numerous reasons: in diseases such as osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, scoliosis, and the like. For the development of this disease, certain factors may contribute:
- Short leg syndrome. This reason is considered the most common with the development of scoliosis. The worst thing is that most people do not think about it, because they believe that if one leg is several millimeters or centimeters smaller, then there is nothing wrong with that. Even a difference of three or four millimeters can cause pathology in the formation of the pelvis of the child. As a result, the child receives a curved spine, which further develops into more serious problems. Of course, the length of the legs can change with age, thereby worsening problems with the spine.
- The size of the pelvis becomes smaller. With such a problem, people mostly sit unevenly, leaning slightly to the side. As a result, muscles on this side are constantly overloaded. Basically, the problem manifests itself with a shortened one leg.
- "Greek" foot. This type of foot is found in almost all people. Its peculiarity: the second finger is longer than all the others. As a result of this, the foot loses all its basic properties, that is, shock absorbing. Since the load first goes to the lower limbs, then the back is connected. This is why back pain appears.
- Short shoulders. This feature is quite rare. It is characterized in that the shoulder length is reduced in relation to the entire body. As a result, the muscles of the upper extremities are always tense.
- Thoracic kyphosis.
- Constant stay in an uncomfortable pose threatens with severe pain. This is due to improper loading, uncomfortable postures and the like.
- Blocking the joint threatens to form back pain. Basically, the latissimus dorsi begins to hurt. Such a problem can appear in only one part of the spine.
- Muscle squeezing. Basically, this squeezing occurs due to tight clothing, improper carrying of bags and the like.
- Gynecological pathology.
Based on all this, we can conclude that most often the pains appear due to mechanical factors. This is due to the fact that the muscle is always tense.
The main thing that needs to be said that the treatment of such a problem is possible only with the help of sports, proper nutrition and therapeutic exercises. But still, at first, it is best to consult a specialist.
Of course, one should not forget that myalgia # 8211 is not the only problem that causes muscle pain.
Basically, most of the problems of periodic pain and persistent are manifested due to a large back strain, since back muscles are always tense, even if a person is sitting at home, does not have a garden and does not carry heaviness. Basically, such a problem affects people who have sedentary work. They can only be advised to sit as far as possible on a chair and lean on the back. Accordingly, take at least a few breaks, get out of the chair and walk a bit. Thus, you can remove the load from the muscles. If it turns out that you work in this mode, then in your free time you need to play sports in order to balance muscle tension.
Injuries and bruises of the spine
Various strains that are accompanied by muscle spasm are considered severe. Injury can result from various motor actions, for example, with an unsuccessful turn, jump, throw, and the like. This is facilitated by any load that is carried out on the cold muscles.
The best option would be to consult a doctor immediately, rather than self-medicating. Of course, there are many folk remedies, but their treatment does not always help. And some may even be harmful.
Myositis and lumbago # 8211, possible causes of pain
This cause of pain is considered quite common. In simple words, it is an inflammation of the muscle that is accompanied by unpleasant pain. Muscle tightens, and they are constantly tense. Pain can occur when palpating.
It is impossible to cure myositis on its own. Since there are a lot of reasons for its manifestation: trauma, infection, toxic substances and much more. Therefore, entrust the procedure for recognizing the causes of the disease to doctors. And for this, there are additional studies.
Lumbago # 8211, this is an acute lower back pain. It appears as a result of constant tension of the back muscles. Basically, it manifests itself with a sharp movement during the lifting of a large weight. Pain may occur due to displacement of the vertebrae, for example, intervertebral hernia.
The pain is aggravated by hypothermia, injuries and diseases of the spine.
This disease can be cured only with the help of doctors. Immediately after the next inflammation, the patient needs to lie down in bed for some time, take anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers.
With this disease, pain manifests itself not only in the muscle fibers, but also in the entire affected area. The reason is compression of the nerve roots of the spinal cord. Also, the pain appears due to the fact that most often in the affected area there is a muscle spasm. As a result, the body tries to immobilize this zone.
Often people complain that they have sore back muscles, what to do # 8211, the question is also popular. The best way to solve problem # 8211 is to consult a specialist.
Tip 1: How to Treat Muscle Pain
If muscle pain appeared during a viral catarrhal disease, then this is due to intoxication. Due to the large formation of toxins, poisoning of the body occurs, which is accompanied by a mass of painful symptoms, including muscle pain. Therefore, start treatment with the underlying disease. And in order to speed up recovery and reduce pain in the muscles, in the first two days, exclude any type of food, use an increased amount of liquid - juices, herbal decoctions, fruit drinks and compotes and visit the steam room every 3 days (if there is no fever). By flushing the body from toxins, these measures will help eliminate muscle pain.
If muscle pain appeared after a viral disease (flu, etc.) or hypothermia, it is most likely caused by neuralgia - a disease associated with pain along the nerve. Most often, trigeminal neuralgia, the occipital and intercostal manifests itself. In this case, ensure yourself complete peace - physical and emotional. Take any pain medication. Externally apply heat and distracting means - mustard plasters, banks, warming ointments. As directed by a doctor, take a course of physiotherapy. Vitamin supplementation is also helpful.
If muscle pain appeared after excessive physical exertion, this is due to their overstrain and acid poisoning of the muscle tissue. In this case, take a bath with mint (a mint broth) for several days. Peppermint perfectly relieves tension and eliminates muscle pain. Combine peppermint baths with a decoction inside. To prepare it, brew the mint leaves with three liters of water from a ratio of 1: 3, boil for 15 minutes and add hot to the bath. Take them only in the absence of contraindications and not more than 15 minutes. Also, to eliminate muscle pain caused by overstrain, take a massage course.
If muscle pain is associated with injuries (bruising, sprains, muscle breaks, etc.), consult your doctor for help. In this case, drug therapy may be necessary in combination with rehabilitation procedures - physiotherapy, reflexology, mud therapy, massage and baths.
Tip 2: Causes of Muscle Pain
There are many different reasons why a person experiences muscle pain. Pain may be present at any particular place, and the cause of painful sensations depends on this. There are also other factors that affect muscle pain.
Causes of Muscle Pain
Most often, the cause for pain in the muscles of the back, shoulders or other parts of the body are injuries and physical exertion, as well as physical work unusual for a person. It also happens that muscle pain occurs due to a person's disease. This pain is much worse and more unpleasant than the one that is present due to physical exertion. Many muscles in the human body carry out various functions.
Classification of causes of muscle pain
There is a classification of the causes of muscle pain. These reasons can be divided into several groups. Firstly, muscle pain can occur due to a violation of posture. Very often, this phenomenon is observed in people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Also, such a cause of muscle pain often haunts women who love high-heeled walking. Secondly, the cause of muscle pain can be congenital changes in the spine or chronic diseases, due to which the person's motor activity is limited, and he is forced to lie a lot. Thirdly, often, the cause for muscle pain is frequent, but irregular, heavy physical exertion. Most often, it is associated with lifting heavy objects.
Injuries associated with sprains and sprains can also cause muscle pain. The cause of muscle pain can even be anemia. Various types of stress, depression can contribute to the development of pain in the muscles. The most common muscle pain is back pain. After all, the back is a combination of bones, muscles and nerves. For the vertical position of a person, they must act together. A person experiences back pain with muscle tension. Very often along with back pain there is pain in the arms or legs. To prevent muscle pain in the back, you need to monitor the correct position of your spine, sleep on a hard surface, regularly give your back a little physical activity. Regular physical exercise will help to avoid pain in the arms and legs.
Muscle pain treatment
They treat muscle pain in many ways. Это может быть и лечение медицинскими средствами и лекарствами, и оперативное вмешательство. Часто мышечная боль возникает вследствие неверных и резких действий, переутомления, неравномерного распределения нагрузки.To avoid the appearance of muscle pain, you should abandon strong physical stress, especially in the hot season. You should also avoid eating foods high in magnesium. Another effective way to relieve muscle tension and relax is massage.
How does a spasm occur?
The human spine consists of 33-35 vertebrae that form the spinal column - the main "core" of the body. In the spine is the spinal cord, which is responsible for transmitting impulses from the brain, reflexes to external stimuli and controlling the internal systems of the body through nervous vegetation. The spine is tightly surrounded by muscles that tighten the vertebrae, forming a dense muscle layer that prevents injuries and holds the spine together.
Two layers of back muscles are distinguished - deep and superficial. The muscles of the deep layer connect the vertebrae by attaching the muscle to the transverse processes of the nearby vertebrae. The transverse muscles allow a person to tilt the body forward and backward. The surface layer is responsible for turns, torso. The muscle tissue in the body is divided into smooth, striated and cardiac muscle.
Smooth muscle tissue is not controlled by humans. Smooth muscles are concentrated in the internal organs - the stomach, intestines, uterus, vagina, etc. The striated muscle tissue is called skeletal, it surrounds bones and organs. By contracting, the striated muscles allow you to move parts of the body in space. Skeletal is controlled by human consciousness.
Spasm refers to involuntary contractions of individual or groups of back muscles. Cramps are accompanied by pain.
The very mechanism of spasm is the appearance of a nerve impulse, which affects the muscle with high frequency. After excitation of muscle tissue, myosin and actin, the “gears” of the muscle, which compress the muscle with their work, are involved in the work. Normally, this process leads to motor activity - muscle contraction, but with pathologies, the contraction develops into a painful process, which is a spasm.
Spasm of the back muscles can be divided into those having an epileptic nature, and not having one. The difference in the cause of spasm - epileptic spasm occurs due to the development of a powerful induction pulse from the affected group of nerve nuclei, which convulsively contract muscle. Non-epileptic spasms occur due to the excitation of certain structures of the central nervous system, dysfunction of individual neurons, under the influence of toxic, endocrine, electrolyte and metabolic substances, disorders of some psychogenic factors.
Spasms are also divided into tonic and clonic. Tonic spasms are provoked by prolonged tension of the muscle fiber, which contracts and causes the patient to have long and prolonged pain. The muscle will be felt during palpation, there is a feeling of tension. Clonic spasms are jerky contractions that alternate with muscle relaxation. In common people, this phenomenon is called a cramp.
Spasms of the back muscles occur due to internal and external disturbances in the normal functioning of the body. The following reasons for the development of spasm of the back are distinguished:
- Spinal diseases
- Muscle overwork
- Epileptic seizures.
In most cases, spasm complicates the course of the disease. Therapy sets one of the goals to eliminate spasm, relieve pain and relieve the condition. The removal of spasm can be complete only with the exact consequence of the instructions for antispasmodics.
Pain will inevitably occur during damage to any human tissue due to the presence of nerve tissues and receptors. In response to pain, muscle tension will occur - muscle tissue tends to isolate the injured area of the body, thus stopping inflammation from damaged tissues. In this case, spastic contractions develop compression of muscle fibers and blood vessels.
With prolonged spasms, painful foci and tissue hypoxia develop, which threatens with further consequences - necrosis, apoptosis and death. The trigger syndrome develops.
Also, with a vertebral injury, a complete rupture of the ligaments can occur. The vertebra falls out of its normal location. Muscles begin to pull the vertebra, tension and spasm occur.
Signs and symptoms of muscle cramps
Muscular tension, high tone of the cervical or spinal muscles can manifest itself in the form of:
- aching, swirling, pressing pain in the neck or back, which can increase or decrease,
- reflected (radiating) pain in the shoulders, head, eyes,
- loss of ability to normally move arms, torso, turn head, walk, etc.
The doctor can detect such pain (trigger) areas when examining and palpating the back. Most often they are located in the muscles that raise the scapula or straighten the back: trapezoidal, large rhomboid or other.
Spastic contractions are inextricably accompanied by diseases of the spine. These diseases include:
- Intervertebral hernia,
- Scoliosis, pathological kyphosis and lordosis.
Osteochondrosis is a pathological change in the joints of the spine. With the expansion of the joint, nerve infringement occurs, which leads to pain. Pain causes muscle spasm, as a logical reaction of the body. Spasm of the back aggravates the disease - with prolonged tonic spasm there is a displacement of the vertebra. This leads to scoliosis, osteoporosis of the vertebral bodies and disorders of the spinal cord.
An intervertebral hernia is a rupture of the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc, which serves as a shock absorber between the vertebrae. The gelatinous body breaks out beyond the normal location and leads to pain due to the infringement of the paravertebral roots or the spinal cord itself. In this case, a spastic contraction of the affected area occurs.
Muscle spasm in the back is in itself the cause of scoliosis - in case of violation of the stability of the vertebra, the vertebra is pulled towards the muscle, which contracts due to pain in the spinal cord. Muscle cramps increase scoliosis in the lower back, chest, or neck. It is necessary to remove the spasm in time in order to stop the development of the disease.
Cramps with kyphosis and lordosis are of the same nature - pain from pinching the disc, spinal cord and nerve roots causes a spastic contraction of muscle mass, which leads to increased deformation of the vertebra.
The process repeats and leads to terrible consequences - the patient’s body is severely deformed. Compensating curvature syndrome occurs - another part of the spine is curved in the other direction, an S-shaped curvature is formed, which leads to pathological changes in the spinal cord and trunk organs. Spasms are weakened, but they are permanent, especially with the development of scoliosis in adulthood.
When you are in an uncomfortable position for a long time, the processes of inhibition begin - the tense muscles cannot relax on their own, because the nerve centers that are responsible for muscle activity cannot stop transmitting impulses. As a result, the fibers remain in a compressed state, which leads to pain.
Stress mobilizes all the resources of the human body. Emotional stress causes an increase in hormonal secretion of thyroid hormones and leads to an increase in tension in the centers of higher nervous activity. This leads to an increase in the development of convulsive and spastic activity of muscle mass. Short-term stresses do not have strong consequences for the body, but if stress factors continue to affect, changes in the brain and spinal cord may occur. Induction activity occurs in the autonomic nervous system, which causes the muscles to contract. This may include a nervous tic, which develops with frequent nervous shocks.
Epilepsy is a consequence of the development of a pain center in the brain. Centers of muscle activity are damaged and epileptic seizures occur during overwork. At the time of the seizure, randomly uncontrolled muscle activity begins, which causes great suffering to the patient. Often, patients with epilepsy are prescribed, in addition to antiepileptic drugs, antispasmodics, which are designed to weaken the muscles to prevent damage.
Therapy in most cases comes down to the use of antispasmodics, which help the body relieve spasm of the back muscles. Apply additional methods, such as psychotherapy and massage.
Medication involves relieving pain with analgesics and muscle relaxation with antispasmodics. Before use, you need to consult a pharmacist and know the characteristics of your body. In a hospital setting, treatment consists of injections of vitamins, blockades and even surgical interventions. It will be much more effective than self-medication. Therefore, consult a doctor, especially if with spasm you feel constant tension in the spine and pain that gives off in the limb.
Psychotherapy and massage
Psychological methods are based on the natural relaxation of the body. Try to calm down - this will help in case of psychogenic causes of spasm. You need to sit down, relax, read a book or drink a cup of tea or warm milk, in a word - do everything possible to bring yourself to a relaxed state.
A relaxing massage can be done on your own. Slowly, with effort, massage the damaged muscle. If a spasm occurs in the lower back or at chest level, ask loved ones to massage the affected area. Note that you can resort to self-massage only with full confidence that there are no more serious factors that led to spasm.
The consequences of cramping
Prolonged cramping can lead to many negative consequences - increased scoliosis, the development of radiculitis in the lower back, constricted arteries and tissue necrosis. Tonic spasms of the neck muscles can cause constant migraine, fainting due to pressure on the arteries. Possible toxic tissue pollution due to impaired blood outflow and active excretion of metabolites of muscle activity. This condition can lead to jaundice and toxicosis.
A sedentary lifestyle leads to osteochondrosis, scoliosis - strong changes that prevent a person from continuing an active and fulfilling life. To prevent cramping, you need to engage in physical therapy. Swimming, stretching, exercising increase muscle tone and are an excellent prevention of back diseases.
"Harmful" tension of the back muscles
With spasm, the muscles squeeze the nerves and blood vessels, which leads to disruption of nutrition and energy metabolism both in the muscle tissue and in the internal organs, which innervate and nourish the clamped vessels and nerves.
With a spasm, muscle fibers contract, and additional energy is required to maintain them in constant tension. If the spasmodic region is large, and the tension lasts a long time, then the body is forced to spend a lot of energy on this irrational work.
Types of muscle spasms in the back
The classification of muscle cramps is carried out not only by the nature of their occurrence, by the strength of pain, but also by the type of manifestation of cramps.
There are two types: clonic and tonic.
- Clonic spasm is characterized by a high frequency of changes in muscle tone. In this case, the person himself can feel a slight twitch of the muscle.
- Tonic spasm is characterized by pain, which covers not only the spasmodic muscle, but the entire back. In the people, this type of pain is called lumbago.
Causes of muscle tension
Muscle spasms are understood as involuntary contractions of muscle tissuearising during or after active movements or exercise. Such cramps are painful and can occur for various reasons.
Research on the causes of cramping is still ongoing, but some general conclusions have already been made.
As one of the causes of spasms called hydration. Many of us noticed in the fitness center people who drink special sports drinks right during training. Their value and benefit are in the composition.
Vitamin drinks contain salts of sodium, calcium, magnesium and potassium, which have beneficial effects on the functioning of nerves and muscles. With severe physical exertion, accompanied by increased sweating, the balance of these trace elements in the human body can be disturbed, which leads to certain problems.
Excessive consumption of ordinary water can also lead to imbalance. Many people think that you need to drink a lot during classes, and believe that drinking a little water after each exercise helps the body recover.
However, this opinion is erroneous. Intense exercise increases perspiration, and with it, the body then releases sodium. Drinking a large amount of ordinary water, a person does not make up for the loss of sodium and other trace elements. This can only lead to impaired muscle function.
Classes in a stuffy room only exacerbate the situation: in addition to sweating and losing sodium supply, heat has a negative effect on muscle mass itself. Result: Fatigue and weakness come even faster.
With a low level of calcium in the body, the amount of intracellular fluid in the cells of muscle and nerve fibers decreases. Nerve endings are subject to excessive irritation, which leads to muscle spasm. Violation of the normal transmission of nerve impulses makes it impossible to relax muscle fibers.
The next period after exertion is muscle relaxation. Relaxation normally lasts longer than compression. However, the basis of this process is sensory feedback between the spinal cord and muscles.
When the muscles get tired, they contract, which leads to a decrease in the load on the tendons and an increase in the load on the neuromuscular spindles. If this happens simultaneously, then there is a violation of the process of compression and relaxation of the muscles, this becomes the cause of spasm.
A low-carb diet can also negatively affect the state of muscle mass. Anyone who chooses such a diet should remember that it can easily cause muscle spasm. In this case, you should try to avoid overvoltage.
Why does a spasm occur?
Among the main causes of muscle spasm, the following should be noted:
- Osteochondrosis and its manifestations in the form of protrusions or hernias of the intervertebral discs.
The formation of bone tissue growths with sharp edges (osteophytes) in patients with osteochondrosis causes an increased risk of injury to surrounding tissues and nerves during sharp and awkward movements.
The pain that occurs in this case becomes an occasion for the brain to send a command to strain the muscle tissue surrounding the sore spot in order to protect the body. At the same time, the stronger the pain, the more muscles will be tensed. And the stronger the tension of the tissues, the harder the person. This is a trigger syndrome. In this way, muscle spasm can be called a reaction to pain. Bruises, spinal injuries that cause muscle tension in response to emerging pain and the development of trigger syndrome.
During a fracture, a person experiences severe pain, in response to which the surrounding muscle fibers are strained. The bones will then grow together, and the muscle spasm in this place will remain forever. Because of it, blood vessels and nerves will be compressed, the mobility of the damaged area will be limited.
Causes of spasms can be due to birth injuries. Childbirth is a lot of stress both for the woman in labor and for the baby. Childbirth can be traumatic, and birth injuries of a baby can cause cramping of the neck muscles (most often suboccipital muscles), as a result of which the child’s brain nutrition is impaired. Such cramps persist in many people for life.
Such muscle tension threatens those who for a long time are sitting in the wrong position at the desktop, computer, carry a heavy bag on one shoulder, etc. With the duration of such stress, a phenomenon of inhibition can occur, that is, muscle cells get used to this condition. Muscle tension will remain constant, unless you specifically engage in relaxation and mobilization of the spasmodic region.
At the time of a stressful situation, the body mobilizes all its internal resources to overcome it. As a result, the heart rhythm increases, muscle tone rises, digestion processes are inhibited, and hormones are abruptly released into the blood. This is a common reaction of the body to survive in dangerous conditions.
Когда ситуация стабилизируется, организм расслабляется и возвращается к обычному режиму функционирования. Однако, определенные обстоятельства могут помешать человеку вернуться в нормальное состояние. It seems to remain in stress, and the muscle tension characteristic of such a state becomes chronic. In addition, the digestive, cardiovascular systems are disrupted, a person becomes more irritable and less efficient.
When to see a doctor
If the pain persists for more than 3 days, and the muscles are inactive, or if numbness, tingling, weakness are felt in the back and neck, the patient should seek medical help.
Medical assistance consists in treating pain associated with compression of nerve endings in the affected area of the spine. If the pain in muscle spasm is due to problems with the spine, then the treatment involves not only the relief of pain, but also the identification and elimination of the cause of the spasm.
As a medical treatment, doctors prescribe the intake of muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory, sedatives. Medicines in the form of injections, tablets or ointments prescribed by a doctor will relieve muscle swelling, which will help soothe damaged back muscle tissue.
The most effective treatments for chronic muscle tension are:
- spinal traction
- osteopathy or manual therapy, other methods.
The best way to prevent cramping is to keep your muscles in a flexible, trained state. Before starting physical exercises, you should think about warming up muscles and stretch marks. Useful exercises aimed at strengthening muscles. Fans of active physical exercises should get advice from a specialist trainer who will help to adjust movements and choose the optimal set of exercises.
How to relieve spasm of the muscles of the back and neck, get rid of pain? A few practical tips on how this can be done without the use of drugs: